Epilepsy conditions in children

Epileptic conditions can happen at any point of time irrespective of the age of the person. However studies have shown that it is more frequent in kids less than five years of age. Though different individual can experience different types of epilepsy the children suffering from epilepsy usually experience seizures that can be treated well with medication which further allows them to enjoy a usual as well as active childhood. Most of the time it has been observed that with time, almost half of the children with epilepsy gets completely cured of the seizures as they grow up, while some other continue to experience these seizures even as they move into adulthood.

It is very essential to recognize the occurrence of epilepsy in the children in the first place. What usually happens is that, the seizures remain unrecognized in children when they first happen mostly because the seizures may be faint as well as short which may result to only decreased responsiveness for few seconds.

Some other physical conditions in children which may be mistaken for seizures are, fainting and breathlessness, usual sleep jerks, daydreaming, night terrors, migraine or other psychological issues. Proper assistance from the physician can assist you in overcoming your confusion.

However, when seizures have been confirmed by the doctor what you should do next is get a proper diagnosis done to make clear the category of seizures as well as the underlying cause. An Electroencephalography (EEG) can assist in diagnosing the kind of epilepsy whereas an MRI can help you diagnose any injury or issue in the brain. It becomes easier for the doctor to begin the most apt treatment according to the seizures if a particular syndrome is seen in the epileptic conditions of the child.

Some of the frequently seen childhood epilepsy syndromes are:

  • Childhood and juvenile absence epilepsies, which generally occurs to children aged 4-10 years causing short staring spells and generally reduces with age.
  • Benign rolandic epilepsy, which occurs between 5-10 years causing minor seizures, drooling or speech arrest.
  • Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, which occurs mostly in the teenage period causing seizures on waking, short myoclonic jerks as well as absence seizures. This also requires prolonged medication to get completely cured.
  • Infantile spasms, which occur mostly during first year causing cluster of jerks in the baby. This may further develop to more sever forms of seizure or delay growth.
  • Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, which occurs mostly between 1-8 years causing seizure like drop attacks or even convulsions.
  • Temporal lobe epilepsy, which can occur at any age causing seizures, staring or even confused behavior. Surgery can be a treatment for this.
  • Frontal lobe epilepsy can begin at any age causing seizures during sleep.

These epileptic conditions and seizures can be treated and prevented with proper medication. However, it is not recommended for all children experiencing a seizure. The medication is generally decided on the factors like the type of epilepsy, various risk factors, age, etc. If medication fails to control seizures then other means of treatment like surgery, vagal nerve stimulation or ketogenic diet are taken into consideration.

 


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